The top three countries that are leaders in manufacturing have remained fairly similar over the last few decades. The US, China and Germany have continued evolving to export a large amount of products to the world. To remain high in the ranks, these countries have adopted automation, optimised their manufacturing processes and advanced production processes.
Strong economy and large populations suggest that these countries will remain leaders in manufacturing and automation for years to come. However, as the industry grows, smaller countries are beginning to emerge as competitors in the industry.
North and South America
According to reports, sales of robots in Latin America amount to around $2 billion per year. Countries such as Chile, Argentina and Mexico are taking advantage of recent political stability to invest in automation.
Many countries in South America are driven by manufacturing. For example, in Chile, manufacturing contributes towards around 16 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and over 14 per cent of the working population are employed in a manufacturing role.
States in Northern America are also looking south to improve their manufacturing sector. As the world’s eleventh largest economy, Mexico excels in a range of industries such as aerospace, automotive and food and beverage. The automation industry in Mexico is growing rapidly, with over 6,320 robotic units sold in 2015, tripling previous figures.
Mexico is also looking to greaten its presence in the global manufacturing industry by increasing company growth. The country is the first Spanish-speaking nation to partner with Germany at Hannover Messe 2018. At the trade show, Mexico intends to exhibit its new technologies and strengthen its international trade relations.
Western European countries such as the UK and Germany are regarded as the manufacturing leaders of Europe. However, some central European countries have rapidly growing economies due to their investment in manufacturing. Poland, for example, has seen its economy triple in the last decade.
Manufacturing exports contribute towards 33 per cent of the GDP in Poland, compared to an average of 22 per cent among other emerging nations. With a population of over 40 million, more jobs are created to meet the industry demand and support the growing economy.
Poland aims to narrow the gap between itself and western Europe in the manufacturing sector, investing in automation, such as computer controlled production lines and industrial robots, to optimise production.
Poland’s increasing presence in the manufacturing industry was highlighted when they were invited to be the partner country exhibiting at Hannover Messe 2017. As one of the fastest growing markets for automation, the country is now one of Germany’s most lucrative trading partners.
Manufacturers in Poland are hoping to improve the sector further and automate more factories. Currently, only 15 per cent of factories are fully automated, but 76 per cent are in part. Therefore, the country has room to climb the ranks.
The Asia Pacific region is one of the key players in automation, with Japan and China relying on automated factories to ensure a successful manufacturing industry. Smaller countries are beginning to invest in this technology to experience the benefits and grow their economies.
A group of countries known as the Mighty-Five are expected to rapidly evolve as manufacturing competitors over the next decade. Malaysia, India, Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam aim to invest in automation to offer the world low cost labour with high quality results.
These countries aim to replace China as the destination for the low-cost manufacturing of high quality products. According to the Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index, all five countries are expected to be a part of the top 15 countries in the manufacturing sector by 2020. While these countries are yet to fully automate their factories, the sector is expected to grow as they adopt more robotics.
The countries each excel in different areas of automation. India’s economy, for example, relies on the IT industry as the largest private employer in the country. Between 2013 and 2014, India exported over $167 billion worth of IT and software services. The industry is expected to improve further as standard of living continues to improve in the country.
Malaysia aims to adopt advanced technology in order bring about the fourth industrial revolution in its own country. The Malaysian government is encouraging businesses to invest in automation through monetary incentives to support both employers and workers. The country hopes that this assistance will promote Malaysia as a hub of intelligent manufacturing and allow it to compete with China to offer low cost manufacturing, worldwide.
These countries still have a long way to go to compete with manufacturing giants, such as China or the US. Yet the rapid growth of automation in these countries suggests that the global manufacturing sector may look very different in a few decades.